Med Chem. ;12(3) Antioxidant, Antimicrobial Activity and Medicinal Properties of Grewia asiatica L. Shukla R, Sharma DC, Baig MH, Bano S, Roy S, . Pak J Pharm Sci. Jan;26(1) Effect of Grewia asiatica fruit on glycemic index and phagocytosis tested in healthy human subjects. Mesaik MA(1). Phalsa (Grewia asiatica L., Tiliaceae) is an exotic bush plant considered horticulturally as a small fruit crop but also used as a folk medicine. The ripe phalsa.
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Click on images to enlarge. Native to the Indian sub-continent i. Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. This species has occasionally been cultivated in the warmer parts of Australia. It was first reported to be naturalised not far from the Darwin Botanic Gardens, where it was beng cultivated. This species is becoming widely naturalised in northern Australia.
It was first recorded in Darwin, and has since become relatively widespread in the northern parts of the Northern Territory.
This species grows on most soil types in drier tropical and semi-arid areas. It is mostly a weed of open woodlands, asiativa, drier vine thickets, disturbed sites, riparian areas, the margins of lakes and coastal environs.
A shrub or small tree with a spreading habit that usually grows up to 4 m tall, but can sometimes reach up to 8 m in height. The leaves cm long and cm wide are alternately arranged along the stems and are borne on short stalks i. They vary from being broadly heart-shaped i. These leaves are dull green and yrewia i. The tips of the leaves are grfwia or rounded i. The leaf blades have five obvious veins that spread outwards from the base i. Each of the branches 1.
These flowers are bright yellow, or reddish-purple, and have numerous stamens. Flowering occurs during winter and spring i.
Antioxidant, Antimicrobial Activity and Medicinal Properties of Grewia asiatica L.
The small fleshy fruit mm long and mm wide are somewhat rounded i. These fruit turn from green to red and then purplish-black or dark brown when ripe, and their skins are often covered with a thin layer of whitish powder i.
Fruit are present from late summer through to the following spring i. This species reproduces by seed. The seeds are spread when they are ingested and expelled intact asiarica birds and other animals. They may also be spread as ornamental plantings, in dumped garden waste, and by floodwaters. Grewia Grewia asiatica is regarded as an environmental weed in the Northern Territory and Queensland. It is listed as a priority environmental weed in two Natural Resource Management regions.
This species invades natural woodland communities, changing the structure and processes of the systems.
It is thought to pose a significant threat to the biodiversity of the tropical savannas and rangelands of northern Australia. Grewia Grewia asiatica is believed to be reasonably widespread in northern Queensland, with specimens being collected from the Collinsville, Townsville, Mackay, Ayr, Laura and Cooktown districts.
It has has invaded woodlands in the drier parts of the Cape York Peninsula, particularly in the Laura-Lakefield area.
Phalsa: A potential new small fruit for Georgia
In the Townsville region it grows in disturbed areas in eucalypt woodlands which are subject to frequent fires. At Laura, it grows in eucalypt and melaleuca woodlands or open forest and is particularly vigorous in riparian areas near the Laura River.
Grewia Grewia asiatica is listed as a high priority weed species in the Cook Shire and as a medium priority pest species in the Townsville City Council local authority area. In the Northern Territory, grewia Grewia asiatica is a significant weed in the Daly Basin region and is also present in the Finnis and Adelaide River catchments.
It has also invaded conservation areas in northern Queensland and the Northern Territory e. Grewia Grewia asiatica may be confused several native grewia’s Grewia spp.
Most of these species have smaller and narrower leaves, or white flowers, but dog’s balls Grewia latifolia is particularly similar. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences:. Check our website at www. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions federal and state legislation, and local government laws directly or indirectly related to each control method.
These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Click on images to enlarge habit Photo: Sheldon Navie broad, alternately arranged, leaves Photo: Sheldon Navie leaves Photo: Sheldon Navie leaf undersides showing raised veins Photo: Sheldon Navie younger leaves and flower clusters Photo: Chris Gardiner flowers Photo: Chris Gardiner immature fruit Photo: Chris Gardiner close-up of immature and mature fruit Photo: